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Juneau Fisheries Seminar – A. Beaudreau: “Historical patterns and drivers of diversification in Gulf of Alaska fisheries”
October 13, 2017 @ 3:30 PM - 4:30 PM
UAF College of Fisheries & Ocean Sciences, Fisheries Department Seminar:
“Historical patterns and drivers of diversification in Gulf of Alaska fisheries” by Anne Beaudreau, CFOS, UAF.
ABSTRACT: Policy, economic, and environmental pressures can influence fishing behavior and fishers’ long-term strategies regarding participation in a fishery. Maintaining a diverse portfolio of fishing strategies may, in turn, act as a buffer against future changes. Here, I will present two studies that examined long-term changes in fishing portfolios of sport and commercial fishers in the Gulf of Alaska. In one study, we described patterns of resource use by sport charter operators in the Sitka and Homer areas to evaluate whether the portfolio of targeted species has shifted over a period of marked regulatory and environmental change. From interviews with 52 charter captains, we found that fishing regulations set for a primary target species (Pacific halibut) led to greater retention of historically less-preferred species and a diversification of the species portfolio targeted on charter trips since the early 2000s. In a second study, we examined historical patterns and drivers of diversification in Alaskan commercial fisheries, including shifts in the portfolio of harvested species and permit types used by fishers. Using five case studies, we described fishery- and community-level responses to multiple drivers, including species declines, the Exxon Valdez oil spill, market factors, limited entry, and rationalization. Overall, we found evidence for reduced participation and increasing specialization in Alaskan commercial fisheries.
Contact: Gabrielle Hazelton, firstname.lastname@example.org